English translation (word)
English translation (etymon)
ἄνθρωπος μὲν κατὰ τὸ…ἄνω ἔχειν τοὺς ὦπας
anthrôpos "man" according to… or ‘holding his countenance (ôps) aloft (anō)’ (Transl. D. Blank)
Modern Greek: και ονομάζεται άνθρωπος σύμφωνα με το ότι κρατάει την όψη του προς τα επάνω
Ammonius of Hermeias includes the famous etymology given in the Cratylus (see the respective etymology), but he also gives two etymologies which do not occur in other texts. Obviously all three etymologies give him satisfactory explanations for various aspects of the nature of human beings. The etymologies are descriptive and this one refers to the upright position of man, which results in having the head (hear metonymically the eyes) higher than the body, as opposed to animals
The only occurence of this specific etymology is in Etymologicum Gudianum 147.24: <Ἄνθρωπος>· παρὰ τὸ ἀναθρώσκειν καὶ ἀναλογίζεσθαι, ἃ ὄπωπεν.
See Etymologicum Gudianum 148 (<Ἄνθρωπος>· παρὰ τὸ ἄνω <ἀ>θρεῖν τὰς ὦπας, ἤγουν ἄνω ὁρᾶν τοὺς ὀφθαλμούς· ὦπες γὰρ οἱ ὀφθαλμοὶ λέγονται. <Ἄνθρωπος>· παρὰ τὸ ἄνω <ἀ>θρεῖν τὴν ὦπα, ἤγουν ἄνω θεωρεῖν τὸ βλέμμα· πάντων γὰρ τῶν κτηνῶν κάτω βλεπόντων, μόνος ὁ ἄνθρωπος βλέπει ἄνω. <οἷον ἀνώ>θρωπος)