English translation (word)
English translation (etymon)
Ἀζήμιος: ἀβλαβής. κυρίως δὲ ζημία ἡ τῆς ζωῆς μείωσις, ἢ τὸ ἐν ζωῇ μιαρόν
Azēmios "unpunished": unharmed. Because zēmia "penalty" means properly the lessening (meiōsis) of life (zōēs), or that which in life is stained
The etymon is assumed to be the cause, the lemma the consequence: the penalty is inflicted in punishment for wrong actions done during life. Μιαρός "defiled", as an equivalent for "ugly, wrong" is picked up only because it provides the required sequence [mia].
Scholia in Aristophanem, Plut. 272 (ἀζήμιος: Ἀντὶ τοῦ ἀβλαβής· κυρίως δὲ ζημία ἡ τῆς ζωῆς μείωσις, ἢ τὸ ἐν τῇ ζωῇ μιαρόν)