κουφότης

Validation

Yes

Word-form

κέπφον

Transliteration (Word)

kepphos

English translation (word)

stormy petrel

Transliteration (Etymon)

kouphotēs

English translation (etymon)

lightness

Author

Dionysius Periegetes?

Century

2 AD?

Source

Ps-Denys

Ref.

Ixeuticon 2.11

Ed.

A. Garzya, Dionysii Ixeuticon seu de Aucupio libri tres, Leipzig, 1963

Quotation

κέπφον δ' ἕτερον ὄρνεον ἐκ τῆς κουφότητος οἱ ἁλιεῖς ὀνομάζουσιν.

Translation (En)

There is an other bird that fishers call kepphos “storm petrel”, from its kouphotēs “lightness”.

Other translation(s)

French: Il y a un autre oiseau que les pêcheurs appellent kepphos “petrel tempête”, en raison de sa kouphotēs “légèreté”.

Comment

This bird could be Hydrobates pelagicus (W.G. Arnott, Bird in the Ancient Word. Fro A to Z, 2007: 134). The etymology relies on the trivial semantic association between bird and lightness, and from the formal point of view, on the alternation e ~ o, the latter here under the form [ou], combined with gemination by which [ph] yields [pph].

Parallels

Aristophanes Gramm., Nomina aetatum 20.1 (Nauck).

Modern etymology

Unclear.

Persistence in modern Greek

The word does not survive in Modern Greek.